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Catalog

Newsletter

Civil society and human rights (2021)

Fundamental freedoms
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The 47 member states of the Council of Europe, all of which are parties to the European Convention on Human Rights, have the obligation to ensure to everyone within their jurisdiction the rights and freedoms enshrined in that instrument, bearing in mind that these fundamental rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated, and should be enjoyed by everyone without discrimination.

This obligation is shared: individuals, groups and organisations of civil society also have the right and responsibility to promote and protect universally recognised human rights and fundamental freedoms. In this context, the role of human rights defenders, the institution of the Ombudsman and national human rights institutions is crucial.

To reaffirm and strengthen this role, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe has recently addressed three specific recommendations to the member states. They are included in this publication.
Recommendation CM/Rec(2018)11 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the need to strengthen the protection and promotion of civil society
space in Europe (adopted on 28 November 2018 at the 1330th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies
Appendix 
I. National legal framework and political and public environment to protect and promote civil society space 
II. National measures to protect civil society space 
III. National measures to promote civil society space 
IV. Support from Council of Europe bodies and institutions 

Recommendation CM/Rec(2019)6 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the development of the Ombudsman institution (adopted on 16 October 2019 at the 1357th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies
Appendix 
Principles for the development of the Ombudsman institution 
I. Establishment and fundamental characteristics of Ombudsman institutions 
II. Main tasks of Ombudsman institutions 
III. Co-operation and dialogue

Recommendation CM/Rec(2021)1 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the development and strengthening of effective, pluralist and independent national human rights institutions (adopted on 31 March 2021 at the 1400th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies
Appendix 
I. Establishment of NHRIs 
II. Strengthening of NHRIs 
III. Securing and expanding a safe and enabling environment for NHRIs 
IV. Co-operation and support