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Catalog

Newsletter

Liberté des médias en Europe : des actions concrètes s’imposent! (2021)

Media
Format : PDF PDF
059921FRA
Type of document :
Report
Format :
PDF
Language :
French
Size :
1,65 MB
Number of pages :
84
Plateforme du Conseil de l’Europe pour renforcer la protection du journalisme et la sécurité des journalistes
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Les gouvernements européens doivent faire preuve d’une volonté politique plus engagée pour protéger la liberté de la presse

Ce rapport annuel de la Plateforme du Conseil de l’Europe pour la protection du journalisme et la sécurité des journalistes, rendu public par 14 organisations internationales pour la liberté de la presse, est le fruit de l’évaluation annuelle des menaces à la liberté des médias observées en 2020 dans les 47 États membres du Conseil de l’Europe et recense 201 incidents menaçant gravement la liberté de la presse, soit une augmentation de 40 % par rapport à 2019. Un nombre record d’alertes a concerné des agressions physiques (52 cas) et des faits de harcèlement ou d’intimidations (70 cas).

La Plateforme a été créée en 2015 par le Conseil de l’Europe, en coopération avec des ONG internationales réputées, actives dans le domaine de la liberté d’expression et des associations de journalistes, afin de faciliter la collecte et la diffusion d’informations relatives aux menaces sérieuses à la liberté des médias et à la sécurité des journalistes dans les États membres du Conseil de l‘Europe. La Plateforme permet au Conseil de l’Europe d’être alerté en temps et en heure et de manière systématique de ces menaces et de prendre des mesures coordonnées et rapides lorsque cela s’avère nécessaire. Elle a pour objectifs d’améliorer la protection des journalistes, de mieux répondre aux menaces et la violence s’exerçant à l’encontre des professionnels des médias et de renforcer la capacité de réaction au sein du Conseil de l’Europe.
INTRODUCTION 
SYNTHÈSE DES RECOMMANDATIONS 
CHAPITRES THÉMATIQUES 
Agressions physiques, harcèlement et intimidation 
Répercussions de la Covid-19 et des mesures de confinement sur la liberté de la presse 
ASPAP, criminalisation du journalisme, harcèlement judiciaire, détournement de la loi et diffamation 
Impunité 
Surveillance, activités de renseignement, contrôle de l’Etat, mécanismes indépendants de garanties et de supervision 
Confiscation des médias 
Médias de service public 
Harcèlement en ligne : une menace grandissante contre les journalistes 
Evaluation et recommandations des partenaires concernant la politique et les pratiques de l’UE 
FOCUS PARTICULIER 
Réponses des Etats membres 
Conflit du Haut-Karabakh 
Bélarus 
VENTILATION STATISTIQUE DES ALERTES