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Catalog

Newsletter

epub - Un renouveau démocratique pour l'Europe - Rapport annuel de la Secrétaire Générale du Conseil de l'Europe (2021)

Annual activity report
049121FRA_epub
Type of document :
Report
Format :
Epub
Language :
French
Number of pages :
161
Rapport annuel de la Secrétaire Générale du Conseil de l'Europe
Free
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La démocratie est en détresse! La Secrétaire Générale du Conseil de l’Europe, Marija Pejčinović Burić, souligne «un recul clair et inquiétant de la démocratie» dans son rapport annuel sur la situation de la démocratie, des droits de l’homme et de l’État de droit dans les 47 États membres de l’Organisation.

«Dans de nombreux cas, les problèmes que nous constatons sont antérieurs à la pandémie de coronavirus, mais il ne fait aucun doute que les mesures légitimes prises par les autorités nationales pour faire face à la covid-19 ont aggravé la situation. Le danger est que notre culture démocratique ne s’en remette jamais complètement», a déclaré la Secrétaire Générale.

«Nos États membres doivent maintenant faire un choix. Ils peuvent continuer de permettre ou de faciliter le recul démocratique, ou ils peuvent œuvrer de concert à inverser cette tendance pour renforcer et renouveler la démocratie européenne, et créer les conditions dans lesquelles les droits de l’homme et l’État de droit puissent s’épanouir.

«C’est le juste choix pour les 830 millions de personnes qui vivent dans l’espace du Conseil de l’Europe.

Sur la base des conclusions de différents organes du Conseil de l’Europe, dont la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme, le rapport de la Secrétaire Générale examine l’évolution de la situation dans des domaines tels que les institutions politiques et l’indépendance de la justice, la liberté d’expression et d’association, la dignité humaine, la lutte contre la discrimination et la participation démocratique.

Le rapport encourage les États membres à tirer parti des mécanismes existants et futurs du Conseil de l’Europe pour relever de nombreux défis mis en évidence, sur la base des principes clés suivants :

- les autorités nationales devraient revenir aux principes démocratiques fondamentaux et réaffirmer leur adhésion aux normes juridiques du Conseil de l’Europe, y compris l’exécution des arrêts de la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme ;

- les États membres devraient adhérer pleinement au multilatéralisme incarné par le Conseil de l’Europe depuis plus de 70 ans ;

- les restrictions et mesures imposées en raison de la covid doivent être non seulement nécessaires et proportionnées, mais aussi limitées dans le temps ;

-les autorités nationales devraient se rallier à la culture démocratique et reconnaître les cas dans lesquels leurs déclarations, leurs actes ou leurs lois ont porté atteinte à cette culture en réduisant l’espace civique, en dissuadant ou en empêchant des individus, des associations et des ONG d’exercer leur liberté d’expression ou de réunion, ou en excluant des personnes d’une participation pleine et entière à la société.

PRÉFACE DE LA SECRÉTAIRE GÉNÉRALE DU CONSEIL DE L’EUROPE 
PRINCIPALES CONSTATATIONS DU RAPPORT 
POUR LA LECTURE DU RAPPORT 
PARTIE I – LES INSTITUTIONS DÉMOCRATIQUES 
CHAPITRE 1 – EFFICACITÉ, IMPARTIALITÉ ET INDÉPENDANCE DE LA JUSTICE 
Introduction 
Indépendance de la justice 
Responsabilité de la justice 
Efficacité des systèmes judiciaires 
CHAPITRE 2 – LIBERTÉ D’EXPRESSION 
Introduction 
Garanties juridiques pour la liberté d’expression 
Protection des journalistes et des autres personnes qui s’expriment 
Un environnement médiatique indépendant et pluraliste 
Fiabilité et confiance dans l’information 
CHAPITRE 3 – LIBERTÉ DE RÉUNION ET LIBERTÉ D’ASSOCIATION 
Introduction 
Liberté de réunion 
Liberté d’association 
CHAPITRE 4 – INSTITUTIONS POLITIQUES 
Introduction 
Fonctionnement des institutions démocratiques 
Démocratie locale et régionale 
Bonne gouvernance à tous les niveaux territoriaux 
Élections libres et équitables 
CHAPITRE 5 – INTÉGRITÉ DES INSTITUTIONS 
Introduction 
Cadres d’intégrité institutionnels 
Normes de conduite applicables aux agents publics 
Intégrité, efficacité et impact des mécanismes de responsabilisation et d’exécution 
Mécanismes de répression en matière pénale et non pénale 
PART II – ENVIRONNEMENT DÉMOCRATIQUE 
CHAPITRE 6 – DIGNITÉ HUMAINE 
Introduction 
Lutte contre la traite des êtres humains 
Promouvoir et protéger les droits des femmes 
Droits fondamentaux et dignité de l’enfant 
Droits sociaux 
Conditions de détention humaines 
CHAPITRE 7 – ANTI-DISCRIMINATION, DIVERSITÉ ET INCLUSION 
Introduction 
Lutte contre la discrimination 
Diversité et inclusion 
CHAPITRE 8 – LA PARTICIPATION DÉMOCRATIQUE 
Introduction 
Éducation à la démocratie 
Jeunesse pour la démocratie 
Culture et patrimoine culturel