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Catalog

Newsletter

La protection et la promotion des langues régionales ou minoritaires : pratiques prometteuses en Europe 2015-2020 (2021)

Minority languages
Format : PDF PDF
062821FRA
Type of document :
Document
Format :
PDF
Language :
French
Size :
483 KB
Number of pages :
41
Secrétariat de la Charte européenne des langues régionales ou minoritaires du Conseil de l’Europe
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Des initiatives existantes prometteuses pouvant mener à l'efficience et à l'efficacité dans la promotion et la protection des langues européennes régionales ou minoritaires

Les langues minoritaires traditionnellement utilisées en Europe, dont certaines des 79 langues régionales ou minoritaires couvertes par la Charte européenne des langues régionales ou minoritaires, sont menacées de disparition. Leur préservation nécessite la volonté et la détermination de nombreux acteurs publics et privés : les locuteurs eux-mêmes, mais surtout les autorités en charge des politiques linguistiques, ainsi que les organismes et services en contact quotidien avec le public, tels que les transports publics, les services médicaux, les écoles, les lieux sportifs et culturels, les banques et les commerces.

Il existe de multiples initiatives en Europe en faveur des langues moins parlées. Elles sont entreprises au niveau local ou national, mais leurs exemples ne sont pas suffisamment connus au-delà des frontières nationales. L’objectif de cette publication est de sensibiliser les lecteurs à ce que font les autres et à ce qui peut
fonctionner dans leur propre environnement linguistique.

Cette publication contient des exemples de pratiques susceptibles d’encourager les différents acteurs à échanger et à lancer des initiatives similaires dans d’autres contextes. Le patrimoine linguistique européen est présenté comme un élément vivant, évoluant avec son temps face à la numérisation des liens sociaux ou à la pandémie de covid-19.
REMERCIEMENTS 
RAISON D’ÊTRE : CONTEXTE 
Méthodologie 
Qu’entend-on par « pratique prometteuse » ? 
Quels sont les principaux facteurs de réussite ? 
Comment transposer une pratique ? 
EXEMPLES DE PRATIQUES PROMETTEUSES 
Actions en faveur de la tolérance multilingue et de l’emploi des langues régionales ou minoritaires par les enfants et les jeunes 
Résilience des locuteurs de langues dépourvues de territoire 
Revitalisation des langues et coopération transfrontière 
Enseignements en présentiel et en distanciel pour les locuteurs et les non-locuteurs 
Culture numérique 
Gérer et travailler dans des langues régionales ou minoritaires 
Conseiller les pouvoirs publics sur des questions ayant trait aux langues régionales ou minoritaires et le respect des dispositions de la Charte européenne des langues régionales ou minoritaires 
EMPLOI DES LANGUES RÉGIONALES OU MINORITAIRES PENDANT LA PANDÉMIE DE COVID-19 
Enseignement en distanciel 
Informations relatives à la covid-19, conseils de santé et soutien individuel 
PRATIQUES PROMETTEUSES EN VUE DE L’ACCEPTATION DE LA CHARTE EUROPÉENNE DES LANGUES RÉGIONALES OU MINORITAIRES 
Toponymie bilingue 
Sensibilisation aux minorités et à leurs langues en tant qu’expressions de la richesse culturelle 
INDEX ALPHABÉTIQUE DES LANGUES RÉGIONALES, MINORITAIRES OU MAJORITAIRES ET GROUPES DE LANGUES OU DE DIALECTES MENTIONNÉS DANS LA BROCHURE