Array ( [id] => 2 [link] => [name] => [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 6 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/6-online-bookshop [name] => Online Bookshop [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 40 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/40-committee-of-ministers [name] => Committee of Ministers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 41 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/41-texts-of-council-of-europe-treaties [name] => Texts of Council of Europe Treaties [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 43 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/43-council-of-europe-treaties-and-explanatory-reports [name] => Council of Europe Treaties and explanatory reports [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 44 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/44-collected-edition-of-the-council-of-europe-treaties-series [name] => Collected edition of the Council of Europe Treaties Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 45 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/45-committee-of-ministers-compendium-of-adopted-texts [name] => Committee of Ministers - Compendium of adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 42 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/42-committee-of-ministers-other-publications [name] => Committee of Ministers - Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 46 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/46-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 47 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/47-parliamentary-assembly-adopted-texts [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 48 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/48-parliamentary-assembly-orders-of-the-day-minutes [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Orders of the Day, Minutes [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 49 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/49-parliamentary-assembly-official-reports-of-debates [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Official Reports of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 50 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/50-parliamentary-assembly-documents-working-papers [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Documents, Working Papers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 51 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/51-parliamentary-assembly-general-publications [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 52 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/52-congress [name] => Congress [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 53 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/53-congress-local-and-regional-action-series [name] => Congress / Local and Regional Action Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 54 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/54-congress-studies-and-texts-series [name] => Congress/ Studies and Texts Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 55 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/55-congress-adopted-texts [name] => Congress / Adopted Texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 56 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/56-congress-official-report-of-debates [name] => Congress / Official Report of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 57 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/57-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 58 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/58-human-rights-and-democracy [name] => Human Rights and Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 59 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/59-children-s-rights-and-family-law [name] => Children's rights and family law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 60 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/60-making-democratic-institutions-work [name] => Making democratic institutions work [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 61 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/61-minorities [name] => Minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 62 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/62-human-rights-files [name] => Human Rights Files [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/63-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 64 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/64-social-charter-monographs [name] => Social Charter Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 65 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/65-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 66 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/66-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 67 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/67-european-commission-of-human-rights [name] => European Commission of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 68 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/68-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 69 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/69-points-of-view-points-of-law [name] => Points of view - Points of Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 70 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/70-europeans-and-their-rights [name] => Europeans and their rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 71 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/71-international-law [name] => International Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 72 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/72-terrorism-and-law [name] => Terrorism and Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 73 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/73-migrants-rights [name] => Migrants rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 74 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/74-economy-and-crime-fight-against-corruption [name] => Economy and crime, fight against corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 75 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/75-constitutional-law [name] => Constitutional Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 76 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/76-penal-law-and-criminology [name] => Penal Law and criminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 77 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/77-legal-instruments [name] => Legal instruments [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 78 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/78-themis-programme [name] => Themis Programme [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 79 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/79-computers-and-law [name] => Computers and law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 80 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/80-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 81 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/81-health-and-society-ethics [name] => Health and society, Ethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 82 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/82-blood-transfusion-and-organ-transplantation [name] => Blood transfusion and organ transplantation [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 83 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/83-health-protection-of-the-consumer [name] => Health protection of the consumer [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 84 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/84-integration-of-people-with-disabilities [name] => Integration of people with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 85 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/85-european-directorate-for-the-quality-of-medicines-and-healthcare-edqm [name] => European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 86 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/86-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 87 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/87-demography [name] => Demography [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 88 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/88-trends-in-social-cohesion-series [name] => Trends in Social Cohesion Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 89 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/89-responses-to-violence-in-everyday-life-in-a-democratic-society-series [name] => Responses to violence in everyday life in a democratic society Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 90 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/90-drugs-and-addiction [name] => Drugs and addiction [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 91 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/91-social-security [name] => Social Security [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 92 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/92-community-relations [name] => Community relations [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 93 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/93-social-co-operation-in-europe [name] => Social co-operation in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 94 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/94-population-studies-series [name] => Population Studies Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 95 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/95-environnement [name] => Environnement [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 96 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/96-nature-and-environment-series [name] => Nature and environment Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 97 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/97-environmental-encounters-series [name] => Environmental Encounters Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 98 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/98-territory-and-landscape-series [name] => Territory and Landscape Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 99 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/99-european-regional-planning-series [name] => European Regional Planning Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 100 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/100-environment-general-publications [name] => Environment / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 101 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/101-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 102 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/102-co-operation-for-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Co-operation for Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 103 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/103-local-and-regional-authorities-in-europe-series [name] => Local and Regional Authorities in Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 104 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/104-structure-and-operation-of-local-and-regional-democracy-series [name] => Structure and operation of Local and Regional Democracy Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 105 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/105-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 106 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/106-pestalozzi-series [name] => Pestalozzi series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 107 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/107-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 108 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/108-human-rights-education-intercultural-education [name] => Human rights education, intercultural education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 109 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/109-education-for-democratic-citizenship [name] => Education for democratic citizenship [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 110 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/110-secondary-education [name] => Secondary education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 111 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/111-a-secondary-education-for-europe-series [name] => A secondary education for Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 112 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/112-higher-education-and-research [name] => Higher education and research [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 113 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/113-modern-languages [name] => Modern languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 114 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/114-language-learning-ecml-graz [name] => Language learning (ECML, Graz) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 115 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/115-modern-languages-monographs [name] => Modern languages - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 116 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/116-regional-and-minority-languages [name] => Regional and minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 117 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/117-terminology [name] => Terminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 118 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/118-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 119 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/119-training-kits-youth [name] => Training Kits / Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 120 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/120-national-youth-policies [name] => National Youth Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 121 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/121-youth-other-publications [name] => Youth / Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 122 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/122-culture [name] => Culture [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 123 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/123-cultural-development [name] => Cultural development [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 124 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/124-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 125 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/125-cultural-policies [name] => Cultural Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 126 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/126-culture-and-neighbourhoods [name] => Culture and neighbourhoods [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 127 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/127-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 128 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/128-sports-monographs [name] => Sports - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 129 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/129-communication [name] => Communication [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 130 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/130-mass-media [name] => Mass media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 131 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/131-european-audiovisual-observatory [name] => European Audiovisual Observatory [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 132 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/132-new-information-technologies [name] => New information technologies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 133 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/133-european-issues [name] => European issues [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 373 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/373-catalogues-of-publications [name] => Catalogues of publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 134 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/134-activities-annual-report [name] => Activities Annual Report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 135 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/135-democracy-debates [name] => Democracy Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 136 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/136-european-debates [name] => European debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 137 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/137-books-on-europe [name] => Books on Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 138 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/138-other-fields [name] => Other fields [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [16] => Array ( [id] => 139 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/139-non-official-languages [name] => Non-official languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 140 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/140-albanian [name] => Albanian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 141 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/141-arabic [name] => Arabic [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 142 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/142-armenian [name] => Armenian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 143 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/143-bulgarian [name] => Bulgarian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 144 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/144-catalan [name] => Catalan [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 145 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/145-czech [name] => Czech [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 146 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/146-danish [name] => Danish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 147 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/147-dutch [name] => Dutch [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 148 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/148-estonian [name] => Estonian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 149 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/149-galician [name] => Galician [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 150 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/150-georgian [name] => Georgian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 151 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/151-german [name] => German [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 152 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/152-greek [name] => Greek [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 153 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/153-hungarian [name] => Hungarian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 154 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/154-italian [name] => Italian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 155 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/155-japanese [name] => Japanese [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [16] => Array ( [id] => 156 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/156-latvian [name] => Latvian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [17] => Array ( [id] => 157 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/157-lithuanian [name] => Lithuanian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [18] => Array ( [id] => 158 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/158-macedonian-language [name] => Macedonian language [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [19] => Array ( [id] => 159 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/159-maltese [name] => Maltese [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [20] => Array ( [id] => 160 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/160-norwegian [name] => Norwegian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [21] => Array ( [id] => 161 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/161-polish [name] => Polish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [22] => Array ( [id] => 162 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/162-portuguese [name] => Portuguese [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [23] => Array ( [id] => 163 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/163-romanian [name] => Romanian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [24] => Array ( [id] => 164 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/164-russian [name] => Russian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [25] => Array ( [id] => 165 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/165-serbian [name] => Serbian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [26] => Array ( [id] => 166 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/166-spanish [name] => Spanish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [27] => Array ( [id] => 167 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/167-turkish [name] => Turkish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [28] => Array ( [id] => 168 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/168-ukrainian [name] => Ukrainian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [29] => Array ( [id] => 169 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/169-welsh [name] => Welsh [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 7 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/7-online-resources [name] => Online resources [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 378 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/378-the-council-of-europe-in-brief [name] => The Council of Europe in brief [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 364 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/364-map-of-the-member-states [name] => Map of the member states [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 381 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/381-an-overview [name] => An overview [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 408 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/408-annual-activity-report [name] => Annual activity report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 170 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/170-human-rights [name] => Human rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 172 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/172-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 374 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/374-fundamental-freedoms [name] => Fundamental freedoms [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 191 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/191-violence-against-women [name] => Violence against women [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 187 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/187-children-s-rights [name] => Children's rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 192 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/192-trafficking-in-human-beings [name] => Trafficking in human beings [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 372 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/372-refugees [name] => Refugees [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 176 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/176-death-penalty [name] => Death penalty [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 177 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/177-prevention-of-torture [name] => Prevention of torture [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 178 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/178-racism [name] => Racism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 179 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/179-democracy [name] => Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 180 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/180-local-democracy [name] => Local democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 182 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/182-elections [name] => Elections [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 181 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/181-world-forum-for-democracy [name] => World Forum for Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 233 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/233-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 234 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/234-organised-crime [name] => Organised crime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 235 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/235-corruption [name] => Corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 237 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/237-data-protection [name] => Data protection [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 175 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/175-european-prison-reform [name] => European prison reform [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 238 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/238-terrorism [name] => Terrorism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 239 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/239-efficiency-of-justice [name] => Efficiency of justice [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 379 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/379-international-law [name] => International law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 193 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/193-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 194 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/194-living-together-diversity-and-freedom-in-europe [name] => Living Together - Diversity and Freedom in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 195 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/195-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 205 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/205-drug-policies [name] => Drug policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 196 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/196-migration [name] => Migration [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 197 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/197-council-of-europe-development-bank [name] => Council of Europe Development Bank [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 222 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/222-lgbt [name] => LGBT [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 223 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/223-people-with-disabilities [name] => People with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 190 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/190-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 198 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/198-new-technologies-medias [name] => New technologies / Medias [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 199 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/199-internet [name] => Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 200 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/200-children-and-the-internet [name] => Children and the Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 201 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/201-media [name] => Media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 202 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/202-cybercrime [name] => Cybercrime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 410 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/410-artificial-intelligence [name] => Artificial intelligence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 203 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/203-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 204 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/204-bioethics [name] => Bioethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 206 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/206-medicines [name] => Medicines [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 207 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/207-health-care [name] => Health care [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 208 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/208-culture-heritage-nature [name] => Culture, heritage, nature [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 210 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/210-european-cultural-convention [name] => European Cultural Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 211 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/211-intercultural-and-interreligious-dialogue [name] => Intercultural and interreligious dialogue [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 212 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/212-environment [name] => Environment [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 214 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/214-culture-and-democracy [name] => Culture and democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 397 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/397-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 215 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/215-the-council-of-europe-and-the-european-union [name] => The Council of Europe and the European Union [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 216 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/216-different-roles-shared-values [name] => Different roles, shared values [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 217 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/217-partnerships [name] => Partnerships [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 218 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/218-minority-rights [name] => Minority rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 219 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/219-national-minorities [name] => National minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 220 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/220-minority-languages [name] => Minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 221 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/221-roma-and-travellers [name] => Roma and Travellers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 224 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/224-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 226 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/226-teaching-history [name] => Teaching History [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 393 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/393-human-rights-democratic-citizenship-and-interculturalism [name] => Human rights, democratic citizenship and interculturalism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 394 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/394-language-learning [name] => Language learning [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 398 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/398-teacher-education [name] => Teacher education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 382 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/382-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 392 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/392-youth-in-europe [name] => Youth in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 383 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/383-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 384 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/384-sport-for-all [name] => Sport for all [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 390 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/390-doping [name] => Doping [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 391 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/391-violence-in-sport [name] => Violence in sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 240 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/240-institutions [name] => Institutions [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 242 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/242-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 243 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/243-congress-of-local-and-regional-authorities [name] => Congress of Local and Regional Authorities  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 244 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/244-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 245 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/245-human-rights-commissioner [name] => Human Rights Commissioner [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 246 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/246-conference-of-ingos [name] => Conference of INGOs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 247 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/247-conferences-on-the-future-of-the-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => Conferences on the future of the European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 386 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/386-resources-for-young-people [name] => Resources for young people [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 387 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/387-6-10-years [name] => 6 - 10 years [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 389 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/389-11-18-years [name] => 11 - 18 years [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 402 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/402-resources-for-teachers [name] => Resources for teachers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 404 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/404-educational-tools [name] => Educational tools [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 407 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/407-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1

Catalog

Newsletter

Media, elections and gender - Study on media coverage of elections with a specific focus on gender quality (2018)

Media
Format : PDF PDF
039918GBR
Type of document :
Document
Format :
PDF
Language :
English
Size :
639 KB
Number of pages :
34
Committee of experts on media pluralism and transparency of media ownership (MSI-MED)
Free
Fichier indisponible, contactez-nous pour plus d'informations
To receive multiple printed copies, subject to availability, please contact us

When a man enters public life, media usually don’t pay attention to the fact that he is a man. When a woman runs for office, her gender is almost always a focus of debate...

This study explores how male and female politicians are portrayed in the media during electoral campaigns and to what extent the representation of gender during elections influences voters’ decisions. It consists of a review of existing research reports and an overview of current practices in the member states of the Council of Europe.

The study shows that while female politicians in general receive less media attention than their male counterparts, their gender is frequently the focus of debate. Moreover, the electoral messages are framed mostly by male journalists, editors and experts, the level or promotion of women to positions of responsibility remaining relatively low. The study reaffirms the need to mainstream gender equality and incorporate it in all aspects of media coverage of elections, including through implementation of the existing standards of the Council of Europe, as well as through media education and research.

INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
PART I – LEGAL INSTRUMENTS OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE
1. Recommendation CM/Rec (2013) 1 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states on gender equality and media
2. Recommendation CM/Rec (2011)7 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states on a new notion of media
3. Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)15 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on measures concerning media coverage of election campaigns
4. Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)17 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on gender equality standards and mechanisms
5. Recommendation Rec(2003)3 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on balanced participation of women and men in political and public decision making 1
6. The implementation of the existing standards of the Council of Europe
PART II – MEDIA AND GENDER EQUALITY
1. Data on media coverage of women and men politicians
2. Reasons behind gender inequality in media coverage of women candidates
3. Media coverage of elections from a gender perspective
4. Influence of media reports on voters’ opinion
PART III– REVIEW OF NATIONAL REGULATORY AND SELF-REGULATORY MECHANISMS AND PRACTICES
1. Statutory requirements regarding gender equality in the media
2. Media regulators’ and equality authorities’ strategies for gender equality in the media
3. Media self-regulation
4. Civil society initiatives
5. Tools and guidelines to improve gender portrayal in media coverage
PART IV – CONCLUSIONS
1. Regulatory and self-regulatory mechanisms
2. Media educations and trainings
3. Research
REFERENCES