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Catalog

Newsletter

11e rapport général sur les activités du GRETA couvrant la période du 1er janvier au 31 décembre 2021 (2022)

Trafficking in human beings
Format : PDF PDF
021322FRA
Type of document :
Report
Format :
PDF
Language :
French
Size :
2,26 MB
Number of pages :
83
GRETA - Groupe d’Experts sur la lutte contre la traite des êtres humains
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A la suite d’une série d’initiatives du Conseil de l’Europe dans ce domaine, la Convention du Conseil de l'Europe sur la lutte contre la traite des êtres humains a été adoptée par le Comité des Ministres le 3 mai 2005. Elle est entrée en vigueur le 1er février 2008, à la suite de sa 10e ratification. Tout en s'appuyant sur les instruments internationaux existants, la Convention va au-delà des normes minimales qu'ils instaurent et renforce la protection des victimes.

La Convention a un vaste champ d’application, qui couvre toutes les formes de traite (nationale ou transnationale, liée ou non à la criminalité organisée) et toutes les personnes victimes de la traite (hommes, femmes et enfants). Les formes d’exploitation couvertes par la Convention sont, au minimum, l’exploitation sexuelle, le travail ou les services forcés, l’esclavage ou les pratiques analogues à l’esclavage, la servitude et le prélèvement d’organes.

La principale valeur ajoutée de la Convention est le fait qu’elle est centrée sur les droits humains et sur la protection des victimes. Son préambule définit la traite comme une violation des droits de la personne humaine et une atteinte à la dignité et à l’intégrité de l’être humain. La Convention reconnaît aux victimes de la traite toute une série de droits, en particulier le droit à l’identification comme victime, à une protection et à une assistance, à un délai de rétablissement et de réflexion d’au moins 30 jours, à un permis de séjour renouvelable et à une indemnisation en réparation des préjudices subis.

Une autre valeur ajoutée importante de la Convention tient à son mécanisme de suivi mis en place pour superviser la mise en œuvre des obligations qu’elle contient. Il se compose de deux piliers : le Groupe d’experts sur la lutte contre la traite des êtres humains (GRETA) et le Comité des Parties.

La Convention ne se limite pas aux Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe ; les Etats non membres et l’Union européenne peuvent également y adhérer.
INTRODUCTION DE LA PRÉSIDENTE DU GRETA 
ACTIVITÉS MENÉES ENTRE LE 1ER JANVIER ET LE 31 DÉCEMBRE 2021 
Introduction 
Réunions du GRETA 
Visites de pays et évaluations 
Préparation d’un projet de recommandation du Comité des Ministres sur la prévention et la lutte contre la traite des êtres humains aux fins d’exploitation par le travail 
COMPOSITION ET BUREAU DU GRETA 
SIGNATURES ET RATIFICATIONS DE LA CONVENTION 
VISIBILITÉ ET IMPACT DU PROCESSUS DE SUIVI 
Publicité des rapports du GRETA 
Impact concret des travaux de suivi du GRETA 
Activités liées à la mise en oeuvre des recommandations du GRETA 
Conférences sur la traite des enfants 
Nouveau module en ligne HELP sur la lutte contre la traite aux fins d’exploitation par le travail 
RÉUNION DES COORDINATEURS ET DES RAPPORTEURS NATIONAUX ANTI-TRAITE 
RELATIONS AVEC LE COMITÉ DES PARTIES 
COOPÉRATION AVEC D’AUTRES ORGANES DU CONSEIL DE L’EUROPE 
Cour européenne des droits de l’homme 
Autres organes du Conseil de l’Europe 
COOPÉRATION AVEC D’AUTRES ORGANISATIONS INTERGOUVERNEMENTALES 
Nations Unies 
Groupe de coordination interinstitutionnelle contre la traite des personnes (ICAT) 
OSCE/BIDDH 
Union européenne 
Conseil des États de la mer Baltique 
COOPÉRATION AVEC LA SOCIÉTÉ CIVILE 
TRAITE DES ÊTRES HUMAINS EN LIGNE OU FACILITÉE PAR LA TECHNOLOGIE 
Méthodologie de l’étude
L’impact de la technologie sur la traite des êtres humains 4
Défis en matière de détection, d’enquête et de poursuite de la TEH facilitée par la technologie 
Stratégies et bonnes pratiques 
Formations : ce qui est dispensé et ce qui est nécessaire 
Instruments juridiques 
Droits humains, éthique et protection des données 
Recommandations 
ANNEXE 1 
État des signatures et ratifications du Traité 197 
Convention du Conseil de l’Europe sur la lutte contre la traite des êtres humains
Situation au 31/12/2021 
ANNEXE 2 
Champ d’intervention du GRETA
États liés par la Convention 
ANNEXE 3 
Liste des membres du GRETA (au 31 décembre 2021) 
ANNEXE 4 
Secrétariat de la Convention du Conseil de l’Europe sur la lutte contre la traite des êtres humains (au 31 décembre 2021) 
ANNEXE 5 
Liste des activités du GRETA entre le 1er janvier et le 31 décembre 2021 
ANNEXE 6 
Liste des activités organisées pour soutenir la mise en oeuvre des recommandations du GRETA entre le 1er janvier et le 31 décembre 2021 
ANNEXE 7 
Calendrier prévisionnel révisé du 3e cycle d’évaluation du GRETA 
ANNEXE 8 
Participation de membres du GRETA et du secrétariat à des événements organisés dans le domaine de la lutte contre la traite 
ANNEXE 9 
Schéma du mécanisme de suivi de la Convention du Conseil de l’Europe sur la lutte contre la traite