Array ( [id] => 2 [link] => [name] => [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 6 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/6-online-bookshop [name] => Online Bookshop [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 40 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/40-committee-of-ministers [name] => Committee of Ministers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 41 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/41-texts-of-council-of-europe-treaties [name] => Texts of Council of Europe Treaties [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 43 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/43-council-of-europe-treaties-and-explanatory-reports [name] => Council of Europe Treaties and explanatory reports [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 44 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/44-collected-edition-of-the-council-of-europe-treaties-series [name] => Collected edition of the Council of Europe Treaties Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 45 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/45-committee-of-ministers-compendium-of-adopted-texts [name] => Committee of Ministers - Compendium of adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 42 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/42-committee-of-ministers-other-publications [name] => Committee of Ministers - Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 46 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/46-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 47 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/47-parliamentary-assembly-adopted-texts [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 48 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/48-parliamentary-assembly-orders-of-the-day-minutes [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Orders of the Day, Minutes [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 49 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/49-parliamentary-assembly-official-reports-of-debates [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Official Reports of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 50 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/50-parliamentary-assembly-documents-working-papers [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Documents, Working Papers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 51 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/51-parliamentary-assembly-general-publications [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 52 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/52-congress [name] => Congress [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 53 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/53-congress-local-and-regional-action-series [name] => Congress / Local and Regional Action Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 54 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/54-congress-studies-and-texts-series [name] => Congress/ Studies and Texts Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 55 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/55-congress-adopted-texts [name] => Congress / Adopted Texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 56 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/56-congress-official-report-of-debates [name] => Congress / Official Report of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 57 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/57-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 58 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/58-human-rights-and-democracy [name] => Human Rights and Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 59 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/59-children-s-rights-and-family-law [name] => Children's rights and family law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 60 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/60-making-democratic-institutions-work [name] => Making democratic institutions work [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 61 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/61-minorities [name] => Minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 62 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/62-human-rights-files [name] => Human Rights Files [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/63-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 64 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/64-social-charter-monographs [name] => Social Charter Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 65 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/65-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 66 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/66-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 67 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/67-european-commission-of-human-rights [name] => European Commission of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 68 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/68-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 69 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/69-points-of-view-points-of-law [name] => Points of view - Points of Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 70 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/70-europeans-and-their-rights [name] => Europeans and their rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 71 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/71-international-law [name] => International Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 72 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/72-terrorism-and-law [name] => Terrorism and Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 73 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/73-migrants-rights [name] => Migrants rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 74 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/74-economy-and-crime-fight-against-corruption [name] => Economy and crime, fight against corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 75 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/75-constitutional-law [name] => Constitutional Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 76 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/76-penal-law-and-criminology [name] => Penal Law and criminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 77 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/77-legal-instruments [name] => Legal instruments [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 78 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/78-themis-programme [name] => Themis Programme [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 79 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/79-computers-and-law [name] => Computers and law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 80 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/80-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 81 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/81-health-and-society-ethics [name] => Health and society, Ethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 82 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/82-blood-transfusion-and-organ-transplantation [name] => Blood transfusion and organ transplantation [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 83 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/83-health-protection-of-the-consumer [name] => Health protection of the consumer [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 84 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/84-integration-of-people-with-disabilities [name] => Integration of people with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 85 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/85-european-directorate-for-the-quality-of-medicines-and-healthcare-edqm [name] => European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 86 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/86-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 87 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/87-demography [name] => Demography [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 88 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/88-trends-in-social-cohesion-series [name] => Trends in Social Cohesion Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 89 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/89-responses-to-violence-in-everyday-life-in-a-democratic-society-series [name] => Responses to violence in everyday life in a democratic society Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 90 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/90-drugs-and-addiction [name] => Drugs and addiction [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 91 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/91-social-security [name] => Social Security [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 92 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/92-community-relations [name] => Community relations [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 93 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/93-social-co-operation-in-europe [name] => Social co-operation in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 94 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/94-population-studies-series [name] => Population Studies Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 95 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/95-environnement [name] => Environnement [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 96 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/96-nature-and-environment-series [name] => Nature and environment Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 97 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/97-environmental-encounters-series [name] => Environmental Encounters Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 98 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/98-territory-and-landscape-series [name] => Territory and Landscape Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 99 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/99-european-regional-planning-series [name] => European Regional Planning Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 100 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/100-environment-general-publications [name] => Environment / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 101 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/101-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 102 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/102-co-operation-for-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Co-operation for Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 103 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/103-local-and-regional-authorities-in-europe-series [name] => Local and Regional Authorities in Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 104 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/104-structure-and-operation-of-local-and-regional-democracy-series [name] => Structure and operation of Local and Regional Democracy Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 105 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/105-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 106 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/106-pestalozzi-series [name] => Pestalozzi series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 107 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/107-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 108 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/108-human-rights-education-intercultural-education [name] => Human rights education, intercultural education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 109 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/109-education-for-democratic-citizenship [name] => Education for democratic citizenship [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 110 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/110-secondary-education [name] => Secondary education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 111 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/111-a-secondary-education-for-europe-series [name] => A secondary education for Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 112 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/112-higher-education-and-research [name] => Higher education and research [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 113 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/113-modern-languages [name] => Modern languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 114 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/114-language-learning-ecml-graz [name] => Language learning (ECML, Graz) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 115 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/115-modern-languages-monographs [name] => Modern languages - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 116 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/116-regional-and-minority-languages [name] => Regional and minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 117 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/117-terminology [name] => Terminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 118 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/118-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 119 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/119-training-kits-youth [name] => Training Kits / Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 120 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/120-national-youth-policies [name] => National Youth Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 121 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/121-youth-other-publications [name] => Youth / Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 122 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/122-culture [name] => Culture [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 123 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/123-cultural-development [name] => Cultural development [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 124 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/124-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 125 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/125-cultural-policies [name] => Cultural Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 126 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/126-culture-and-neighbourhoods [name] => Culture and neighbourhoods [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 127 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/127-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 128 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/128-sports-monographs [name] => Sports - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 129 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/129-communication [name] => Communication [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 130 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/130-mass-media [name] => Mass media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 131 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/131-european-audiovisual-observatory [name] => European Audiovisual Observatory [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 132 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/132-new-information-technologies [name] => New information technologies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 133 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/133-european-issues [name] => European issues [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 373 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/373-catalogues-of-publications [name] => Catalogues of publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 134 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/134-activities-annual-report [name] => Activities Annual Report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 135 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/135-democracy-debates [name] => Democracy Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 136 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/136-european-debates [name] => European debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 137 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/137-books-on-europe [name] => Books on Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 138 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/138-other-fields [name] => Other fields [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [16] => Array ( [id] => 139 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/139-non-official-languages [name] => Non-official languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 140 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/140-albanian [name] => Albanian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 141 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/141-arabic [name] => Arabic [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 142 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/142-armenian [name] => Armenian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 143 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/143-bulgarian [name] => Bulgarian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 144 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/144-catalan [name] => Catalan [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 145 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/145-czech [name] => Czech [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 146 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/146-danish [name] => Danish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 147 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/147-dutch [name] => Dutch [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 148 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/148-estonian [name] => Estonian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 149 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/149-galician [name] => Galician [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 150 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/150-georgian [name] => Georgian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 151 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/151-german [name] => German [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 152 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/152-greek [name] => Greek [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 153 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/153-hungarian [name] => Hungarian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 154 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/154-italian [name] => Italian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 155 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/155-japanese [name] => Japanese [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [16] => Array ( [id] => 156 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/156-latvian [name] => Latvian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [17] => Array ( [id] => 157 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/157-lithuanian [name] => Lithuanian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [18] => Array ( [id] => 158 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/158-macedonian-language [name] => Macedonian language [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [19] => Array ( [id] => 159 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/159-maltese [name] => Maltese [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [20] => Array ( [id] => 160 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/160-norwegian [name] => Norwegian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [21] => Array ( [id] => 161 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/161-polish [name] => Polish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [22] => Array ( [id] => 162 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/162-portuguese [name] => Portuguese [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [23] => Array ( [id] => 163 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/163-romanian [name] => Romanian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [24] => Array ( [id] => 164 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/164-russian [name] => Russian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [25] => Array ( [id] => 165 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/165-serbian [name] => Serbian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [26] => Array ( [id] => 166 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/166-spanish [name] => Spanish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [27] => Array ( [id] => 167 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/167-turkish [name] => Turkish [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [28] => Array ( [id] => 168 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/168-ukrainian [name] => Ukrainian [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [29] => Array ( [id] => 169 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/169-welsh [name] => Welsh [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 7 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/7-online-resources [name] => Online resources [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 378 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/378-the-council-of-europe-in-brief [name] => The Council of Europe in brief [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 364 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/364-map-of-the-member-states [name] => Map of the member states [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 381 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/381-an-overview [name] => An overview [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 408 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/408-annual-activity-report [name] => Annual activity report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 170 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/170-human-rights [name] => Human rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 172 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/172-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 374 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/374-fundamental-freedoms [name] => Fundamental freedoms [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 191 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/191-violence-against-women [name] => Violence against women [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 187 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/187-children-s-rights [name] => Children's rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 192 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/192-trafficking-in-human-beings [name] => Trafficking in human beings [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 372 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/372-refugees [name] => Refugees [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 176 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/176-death-penalty [name] => Death penalty [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 177 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/177-prevention-of-torture [name] => Prevention of torture [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 178 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/178-racism [name] => Racism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 179 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/179-democracy [name] => Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 180 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/180-local-democracy [name] => Local democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 182 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/182-elections [name] => Elections [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 181 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/181-world-forum-for-democracy [name] => World Forum for Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 233 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/233-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 234 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/234-organised-crime [name] => Organised crime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 235 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/235-corruption [name] => Corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 237 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/237-data-protection [name] => Data protection [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 175 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/175-european-prison-reform [name] => European prison reform [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 238 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/238-terrorism [name] => Terrorism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 239 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/239-efficiency-of-justice [name] => Efficiency of justice [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 379 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/379-international-law [name] => International law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 193 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/193-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 194 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/194-living-together-diversity-and-freedom-in-europe [name] => Living Together - Diversity and Freedom in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 195 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/195-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 205 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/205-drug-policies [name] => Drug policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 196 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/196-migration [name] => Migration [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 197 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/197-council-of-europe-development-bank [name] => Council of Europe Development Bank [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 222 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/222-lgbt [name] => LGBT [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 223 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/223-people-with-disabilities [name] => People with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 190 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/190-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 198 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/198-new-technologies-medias [name] => New technologies / Medias [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 199 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/199-internet [name] => Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 200 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/200-children-and-the-internet [name] => Children and the Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 201 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/201-media [name] => Media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 202 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/202-cybercrime [name] => Cybercrime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 410 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/410-artificial-intelligence [name] => Artificial intelligence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 203 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/203-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 204 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/204-bioethics [name] => Bioethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 206 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/206-medicines [name] => Medicines [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 207 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/207-health-care [name] => Health care [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 208 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/208-culture-heritage-nature [name] => Culture, heritage, nature [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 210 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/210-european-cultural-convention [name] => European Cultural Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 211 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/211-intercultural-and-interreligious-dialogue [name] => Intercultural and interreligious dialogue [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 212 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/212-environment [name] => Environment [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 214 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/214-culture-and-democracy [name] => Culture and democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 397 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/397-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 215 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/215-the-council-of-europe-and-the-european-union [name] => The Council of Europe and the European Union [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 216 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/216-different-roles-shared-values [name] => Different roles, shared values [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 217 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/217-partnerships [name] => Partnerships [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 218 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/218-minority-rights [name] => Minority rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 219 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/219-national-minorities [name] => National minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 220 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/220-minority-languages [name] => Minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 221 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/221-roma-and-travellers [name] => Roma and Travellers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 224 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/224-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 226 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/226-teaching-history [name] => Teaching History [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 393 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/393-human-rights-democratic-citizenship-and-interculturalism [name] => Human rights, democratic citizenship and interculturalism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 394 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/394-language-learning [name] => Language learning [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 398 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/398-teacher-education [name] => Teacher education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 382 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/382-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 392 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/392-youth-in-europe [name] => Youth in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 383 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/383-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 384 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/384-sport-for-all [name] => Sport for all [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 390 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/390-doping [name] => Doping [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 391 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/391-violence-in-sport [name] => Violence in sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 240 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/240-institutions [name] => Institutions [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 242 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/242-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 243 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/243-congress-of-local-and-regional-authorities [name] => Congress of Local and Regional Authorities  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 244 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/244-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 245 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/245-human-rights-commissioner [name] => Human Rights Commissioner [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 246 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/246-conference-of-ingos [name] => Conference of INGOs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 247 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/247-conferences-on-the-future-of-the-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => Conferences on the future of the European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 386 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/386-resources-for-young-people [name] => Resources for young people [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 387 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/387-6-10-years [name] => 6 - 10 years [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 389 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/389-11-18-years [name] => 11 - 18 years [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 402 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/402-resources-for-teachers [name] => Resources for teachers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 404 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/404-educational-tools [name] => Educational tools [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 407 [link] => https://edoc.coe.int/en/407-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1

Catalog

Newsletter

Istanbul Convention - Crimes committed in the name of so-called “honour” (2019)

Violence against women
153518GBR
Type of document :
Leaflet
Format :
PDF
Language :
English
Size :
168 KB
Number of pages :
6
Free
Fichier indisponible, contactez-nous pour plus d'informations
To receive multiple printed copies, subject to availability, please contact us


The Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women Istanbul Convention, CETS No. 210) covers various forms of gender-based violence, which is defined as “violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately” (Article 3.d).

So-called “honour crimes” are one form of gender-based violence. However, if you are looking for an outright criminalisation of such crimes, your search will be in vain. The drafters of the convention analysed so-called “honour crimes” very carefully: the reasons why they are committed and what perpetrators are trying to achieve with this type of violence. This exercise showed that crimes committed in the name of so-called “honour” are usually crimes that have been part of the criminal law landscape of Council of Europe member states for a very long time: murder, manslaughter, bodily injury, etc. What makes them different is the intent behind them. They are committed to pursue an aim other than, or in addition to, the immediate effect of the crime. This ulterior aim may be the restoration of family “honour”, the desire to be seen as respecting tradition or complying with the perceived religious, cultural or customary requirements of a particular community.
To capture this, the drafters of the convention moved away from the original idea of introducing a separate criminal offence for so-called “honour crimes” and agreed instead to ban any attempts to justify criminal behaviour on the basis of culture, custom, religion, tradition or so-called “honour”.