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Catalog

Newsletter

Étude sur les pratiques de rétention des migrants et les alternatives à la rétention d’enfants migrants (2017)

Migration
Format : PDF PDF
090217FRA
Type of document :
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Format :
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Language :
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Size :
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Number of pages :
89
Athanassia P. Sykiotou, pour la commission des migrations, des réfugiés et des personnes déplacées de l’Assemblée parlementaire du Conseil de l’Europe, dans le cadre de la Campagne parlementaire pour mettre fin à la rétention d’enfants migrants.
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L'Europe continue de faire face à un nombre record de migrants en quête de protection. Les enfants migrants sont les groupes les plus vulnérables, qu'ils arrivent avec leur familles ou qu'ils soient mineurs non accompagnés. Un nombre inquiétant d'entre eux se retrouvent en rétention administrative en raison de  lois et politiques d'immigration existantes. Dans les centres de rétention, ils courent un risque élevé d'abus et de négligence. En outre, les mineurs non accompagnés ou séparés de leurs parents ou tuteurs ne sont souvent pas en mesure de défendre leurs droits fondamentaux.

ACRONYMES ET SIGLES
OBJECTIFS DE CETTE ÉTUDE
     Méthode
INTRODUCTION
     Remarques générales
     Raisons de la rétention de migrants
     Effets de la rétention sur les enfants migrants
NORMES INTERNATIONALES EN MATIÈRE DE DÉTENTION D’ENFANTS
     Principes internationaux contre la détention d’enfants
     Aperçu de la jurisprudence en matière de rétention d’enfants migrants
     Mesures du Conseil de l’Europe en matière de rétention d’enfants
PRATIQUES NATIONALES EN MATIÈRE DE RÉTENTION DE MIGRANTS
     Dispositions nationales en matière de rétention de migrants
     Durée maximale de rétention et autorité chargée de la décision
     Données statistiques sur la rétention des enfants migrants
     Mesures de protection de l’unité familiale
     Systèmes de prise en charge existants
     Accès non discriminatoire aux services nationaux pour les enfants migrants
     Procédures d’examen et d’évaluation en vigueur
     Conditions de détention
     Contrôle juridictionnel
     Mécanisme de plainte et de contrôle
GROUPES SPÉCIFIQUES D’ENFANTS MIGRANTS DÉTENUS
     Rétention d’enfants souffrant de handicap mental ou physique
     Détention de mineures
     Nourrissons et nouveau-nés
PRATIQUES EN MATIÈRE DE RÉTENTION DANS LES ÉTATS MEMBRES DE L’UE
     Cadre juridique des États membres de l’UE
     Textes pertinents de l’UE relatifs aux migrations irrégulières
ALTERNATIVES À LA RÉTENTION DES MIGRANTS
     Normes internationales
     Le recours aux alternatives dans les États non membres de l’UE
CONCLUSION
RECOMMANDATIONS
SOURCES BIBLIOGRAPHIQUES
ANNEXE 1 – TABLEAUX
Tableau 1 – Dispositions nationales des États non membres de l’UE en matière de rétention d’enfants migrants
Tableau 2 – Durée maximale de rétention et autorité chargée de la décision de placement en rétention
Tableau 3 – Mesures de protection de l’unité familiale
Tableau 4 – Systèmes de prise en charge existants
Tableau 5 – Accès non discriminatoire aux services nationaux pour les enfants migrants
Tableau 6 – Procédures d’examen et d’évaluation
Tableau 7 – Alternatives à la rétention d’enfants migrants
ANNEXE 2 – QUESTIONNAIRE NO 3044 DU CERDP AUX ÉTATS MEMBRES
Questionnaire relatif à l’étude du Conseil de l’Europe sur les pratiques de rétention des migrants et l’utilisation d’alternatives à la rétention d’enfants migrants adressé aux États membres par l’intermédiaire du Centre européen de recherche et de documentation parlementaires (CERDP) - Demande no 3044