Preventing violence against women: Article 12 of the Istanbul Convention (2016)
Article 12 – General obligations
1. Parties shall take the necessary measures to promote changes in the social and cultural patterns of behaviour of women and men with a view to eradicating prejudices, customs, traditions and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority of women or on stereotyped roles for women and men.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to prevent all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention by any natural or legal person.
3. Any measures taken pursuant to this chapter shall take into account and address the specifc needs of persons made vulnerable by particular circumstances and shall place the human rights of all victims at their centre.
4. Parties shall take the necessary measures to encourage all members of society, especially men and boys, to contribute actively to preventing all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
5. Parties shall ensure that culture, custom, religion, tradition or so-called “honour” shall not be considered as justifcation for any acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
6. Parties shall take the necessary measures to promote programmes and activities for the empowerment of women.
THE SCOPE OF ARTICLE 12
PREVENTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
Theoretical models for understanding the prevention of violence against women
Overview of preventive measures taken in Council of Europe member states
The evidence base
ADDRESSING THE OBLIGATIONS UNDER ARTICLE 12
Challenging gender stereotypes
Addressing vulnerable groups
Involving men and boys
KEY COUNCIL OF EUROPE RESOURCES