The increased use of digital technology has led to an outright “datafication” of our societies. Personal data are everywhere and constitute a valuable raw material for the creation of new knowledge and are of global importance for the growth of many countries.
Health systems have followed the same evolutions, with generalised digitisation and frequent use of digital tools by professionals in the context of activities relating to healthcare and prevention, life sciences research, health system management, and the growing involvement of individuals concerned by care.
Health-related data, which concern the most intimate information of a person and of her or his private life, must have a special status that takes into account the potential risk of discrimination deriving from their processing.
This recommendation aims at facilitating the full application of the principles of the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (“Convention 108”) as well as to take into account the principles developed in the modernised Convention and to apply them to this new environment in which health-related data are exchanged and shared.
Appendix to Recommendation CM/Rec(2019)2
Chapter I – General provisions
Chapter II – Legal conditions for the processing of health-related data
Chapter III – Rights of the data subject
Chapter IV – Security and interoperability
Chapter V – Scientific research
Chapter VI – Mobile devices
Chapter VII – Transborder flows of health-related data