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Catalog

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Écouter – Agir – Changer - Manuel du Conseil de l’Europe sur la participation des enfants (2020)

Children's rights
Format : PDF PDF
145120FRA
Type of document :
Document
Format :
PDF
Language :
French
Size :
1,30 MB
Number of pages :
84
Dr Anne Crowley, Prof. Cath Larkins, Luís Manuel Pinto
Free
Fichier indisponible, contactez-nous pour plus d'informations
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Un guide indispensable à l’usage des professionnels travaillant pour et avec les enfants

Depuis son entrée en vigueur il y a plus de 30 ans, l’article 12 de la Convention des Nations Unies relative aux droits de l’enfant consacre le droit des enfants à exprimer leur opinion sur toutes les questions qui les concernent. Le Conseil de l’Europe a cherché à rendre ce droit réel et concret dans les États membres par le biais de sa Recommandation CM/ Rec(2012)2 sur la participation des enfants et des jeunes de moins de 18 ans, et a également intégré la participation des enfants dans son propre travail d’élaboration de normes, de suivi et de renforcement des capacités ainsi que dans ses manifestations internationales. Ce manuel représente une contribution importante à la stratégie pour les droits de l’enfant (2016 à 2021) en promouvant la participation des enfants dans le cadre de son deuxième domaine prioritaire.

Le Manuel a été produit par la Division des droits des enfants du Conseil de l’Europe en collaboration avec des experts internationaux de la participation des enfants et pour donner suite à la consultation de plus de 50 enfants et jeunes sur les défis à relever.

Il est conçu comme un outil pratique pour les personnes qui travaillent avec des enfants à titre professionnel, par exemple dans les écoles, les hôpitaux, les structures de protection de remplacement, les services de protection de l’enfance et d’autres services sociaux. Il est conçu pour les travailleurs sociaux, les enseignants, les juges, les avocats, les agents de l’immigration, les psychologues, les fonctionnaires, les animateurs de jeunesse et les travailleurs de crèche. Il leur propose des approches pratiques pour «faire» la participation des enfants et la faire fonctionner pour tous les enfants, y compris ceux qui sont en situation de vulnérabilité, tant au niveau individuel que collectif.

Les professionnels qui utilisent ce manuel sont invités à améliorer leurs capacités et leurs compétences à «écouter» les enfants, à «agir» sur la base des leçons apprises et à «changer » toute prise de décision impliquant ou concernant les enfants. Ils sont également invités à diffuser les bonnes pratiques promues par cet outil et ainsi, en fin de compte, à avoir un impact qui change la vie des enfants dans les contextes où les décisions sont prises sans les écouter vraiment.
PRÉFACE 
REMERCIEMENTS 
COMMENT UTILISER CE MANUEL ? 
PARTIE 1 : COMPRENDRE LA PARTICIPATION DES ENFANTS EN THÉORIE ET EN PRATIQUE 
1.1 LE DROIT DES ENFANTS D’ÊTRE ENTENDUS SUR LES QUESTIONS QUI LES CONCERNENT 
1.2 POURQUOI LA PARTICIPATION DES ENFANTS EST-ELLE SI IMPORTANTE ? 
1.3 LES IMPLICATIONS DU PROCESSUS DE PARTICIPATION DES ENFANTS 
1.4 L’INFLUENCE DES ENFANTS DANS LES PROCESSUS PARTICIPATIFS 
1.5 FAIRE LES CHOSES CORRECTEMENT : UNE PARTICIPATION SÛRE, ÉTHIQUE, INCLUSIVE ET EFFICACE 
1.6 DES ENVIRONNEMENTS FAVORABLES 
PARTIE 2 : CRÉER DES ORGANISATIONS ET ENVIRONNEMENTS PARTICIPATIFS 
2.1 GARANTIR L’APPROPRIATION DU PROCESSUS AU PLUS HAUT NIVEAU 
2.2 ÉVALUER LA SITUATION ACTUELLE 
2.3 CONCEVOIR UNE POLITIQUE ET DES PROCÉDURES ORGANISATIONNELLES 
2.4 RENFORCER LES CAPACITÉS DES PERSONNELS 
2.5 INSTAURER DES MÉCANISMES DE PLAINTE SÛRS ET ADAPTÉS AUX ENFANTS 
2.6 SUIVRE ET ÉVALUER LA MISE EN OEUVRE 
PARTIE 3 : LES ENFANTS EN TANT QU’INDIVIDUS 
3.1 PRÉPARER ET PLANIFIER 
3.2 ÉTABLIR UN LIEN AVEC LES ENFANTS 
3.3 IDENTIFIER LES PROBLÈMES ET LES PRIORITÉS 
3.4 RECUEILLIR LE POINT DE VUE DES ENFANTS 
3.5 AGIR 
3.6 ASSURER UN SUIVI 
3.7 DRESSER LE BILAN, ENGAGER UNE RÉFLEXION ET RECOMMENCER 
PARTIE 4 : PARTICIPATION COLLECTIVE 
4.1 PRÉPARER ET PLANIFIER 
4.2 ÉTABLIR UN LIEN AVEC LES ENFANTS 
4.3 IDENTIFIER LES PROBLÈMES ET LES PRIORITÉS 
4.4 RECUEILLIR LE POINT DE VUE DES ENFANTS 
4.5 AGIR 
4.6 ASSURER UN SUIVI 
4.7 DRESSER LE BILAN, ENGAGER UNE RÉFLEXION ET RECOMMENCER
PARTIE 5 : RESSOURCES 
5.1 NORMES JURIDIQUES 
5.2 LA PARTICIPATION DES ENFANTS DANS DIFFÉRENTS CONTEXTES OU AVEC DIFFÉRENTS GROUPES : ORIENTATIONS ET EXEMPLES 
5.3 ACTIVITÉS (PARTICIPATION COLLECTIVE) 
5.4 SENSIBILISATION ET MILITANTISME DES ENFANTS 
5.5 RENFORCEMENT DES COMPÉTENCES 
5.6 INSTITUTIONS PARTICIPATIVES 
5.7 SUIVI ET ÉVALUATION 
5.8 BASES THÉORIQUES 
5.9 DIVERS 
ANNEXE 1 : LES NEUF PRESCRIPTIONS DE BASE POUR UNE PARTICIPATION EFFICACE ET ÉTHIQUE : IMPLICATIONS CONCRÈTES 
ANNEXE 2 : ORIENTATIONS SUR L’ÉLABORATION D’INFORMATIONS ACCESSIBLES 
ANNEXE 3 : AIDE-MÉMOIRE POUR GARANTIR LA SÉCURITÉ ET LE BIEN-ÊTRE 
ANNEXE 4 : LUTTER CONTRE LA DISCRIMINATION : IMPLICATIONS CONCRÈTES 
ANNEXE 5 : AIDE-MÉMOIRE POUR EXPLIQUER LE RÔLE DES ENFANTS DANS LES RENCONTRES ET LES PROCÉDURES 
ANNEXE 6 : AIDE-MÉMOIRE POUR COMMUNIQUER AVEC LES ENFANTS 
ANNEXE 7 : QUESTIONS ESSENTIELLES POUR PRÉPARER LA PARTICIPATION COLLECTIVE 
ANNEXE 8 : AIDE-MÉMOIRE POUR GARANTIR LA LIBERTÉ D’EXPRESSION ET D’ASSOCIATION