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Catalog

Newsletter

Gender-based asylum claims and non-refoulement: Articles 60 and 61 of the Istanbul Convention (2019)

Violence against women
Format : PDF
GenderBasedAsylumClaims
Type of document :
Document
Format :
PDF
Language :
English
Size :
1.39 MB
Number of pages :
64
Louise Hooper
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Providing policy makers, border and immigration officials and practitioners with practical advice including definitions, information and examples of gender-based violence that may be recognised as forms of persecution or other serious harm

ARTICLE 60 – Gender-based asylum claims
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that gender-based violence against women may be recognised as a form of persecution within the meaning of Article 1, A (2), of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and as a form of serious harm giving rise to complementary/subsidiary protection.
2. Parties shall ensure that a gender-sensitive interpretation is given to each of the Convention grounds and that where it is established that the persecution feared is for one or more of these grounds, applicants shall be granted refugee status according to the applicable relevant instruments.
3. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to develop gender-sensitive reception procedures and support services for asylum-seekers as well as gender guidelines and gender-sensitive asylum procedures, including refugee status determination and application for international protection.

ARTICLE 61 – Non-refoulement
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to respect the principle of non-refoulement in accordance with existing obligations under international law.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims of violence against women who are in need of protection, regardless of their status or residence, shall not be returned under any circumstances to any country where their life would be at risk or where they might be subjected to torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
I. INTRODUCTION 
II. WHAT PROTECTION DOES THE ISTANBUL CONVENTION PROVIDE FOR MIGRANT, REFUGEE AND ASYLUM-SEEKING WOMEN? 
III. ARTICLE 60: GENDER-BASED ASYLUM CLAIMS 
Article 60, paragraph 1: Recognising ‘gender-based’ violence against women as persecution 
Forms of Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence that should be considered as gender-based violence capable of amounting to persecution 
Discrimination as persecution 
Women fleeing prosecution or punishment 
Standard of protection required by the Istanbul Convention 
Women and internal relocation 
Article 60, paragraph 2: Gender-sensitive interpretation of the Geneva Refugee Convention Grounds 
Article 60, paragraph 3: Gender-sensitive reception and support services, asylum procedures and gender guidelines 
Gender-sensitive reception and support services 
Gender-sensitive asylum procedures 
Gender guidelines 
IV. ARTICLE 61: NON-REFOULEMENT 
What is the principle of non-refoulement? 
When might non-refoulement obligations be engaged for women? 
V. CONCLUSION 
VI. CHECKLIST 
VII. KEY RESOURCES 
VIII. BIBLIOGRAPHY