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Media coverage of the “refugee crisis”: A cross-European perspective

Media coverage of the “refugee crisis”: A cross-European perspective (2017)

Myria Georgiou, Rafal Zaborowski

REF. 048517GBR
Type of document : Document
Format : PDF
Size : 1.7 MB
Language : English
Number of pages : 24

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Media coverage of the “refugee crisis”: A cross-European perspective

Media coverage of the “refugee crisis”: A cross-European perspective

Media have played an important role in framing the public debate on the “refugee crisis” that peaked in autumn of 2015. This report examines the narratives developed by print media in eight European countries and how they contributed to the public perception of the “crisis”, shifting from careful tolerance over the summer, to an outpouring of solidarity and humanitarianism in September 2015, and to a securitisation of the debate and a narrative of fear in November 2015.

Overall, there has been limited opportunity in mainstream media coverage for refugees and migrants to give their views on events, and little attention paid to the individuals’ plight or the global and historical context of their displacement.

Refugees and migrants are often portrayed as an undistinguishable group of anonymous and unskilled outsiders who are either vulnerable or dangerous. The dissemination of biased or ill-founded information contributes to perpetuating stereotypes and creating an unfavourable environment not only for the reception of refugees but also for the longer-term perspectives of societal integration.

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Media have played an important role in framing the public debate on the “refugee crisis” that peaked in autumn of 2015. This report examines the narratives developed by print media in eight European countries and how they contributed to the public perception of the “crisis”, shifting from careful tolerance over the summer, to an outpouring of solidarity and humanitarianism in September 2015, and to a securitisation of the debate and a narrative of fear in November 2015.

Overall, there has been limited opportunity in mainstream media coverage for refugees and migrants to give their views on events, and little attention paid to the individuals’ plight or the global and historical context of their displacement.

Refugees and migrants are often portrayed as an undistinguishable group of anonymous and unskilled outsiders who are either vulnerable or dangerous. The dissemination of biased or ill-founded information contributes to perpetuating stereotypes and creating an unfavourable environment not only for the reception of refugees but also for the longer-term perspectives of societal integration.

Executive Summary
Introduction
Section I : Context of media coverage of the “refugee crisis”
Section II : Media coverage across Europe
1.    Media coverage across Europe
2.    Europe in 2015
    Period 1 (July) : Careful tolerance
    Period 2 (September) : Ecstatic humanitarianism
    Period 3 (November) : Fear and securitisation
3.    Detailed analysis of emerging trends
    A.    Refugees and consequences for Europe
    B.    Militarisation dominant after November
    C.    Voice of voicelessness ? Refugees in the press
    D.    The fall in reported emotions
    E.    Country specifics : A brief glance
Section III : Challenges associated with media practices, good practice and recommendations
    1.    Reporting context
    2.    National media policy environment
    3.    Competition
Conclusions and recommendations
Bibliography
Sources   

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