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Catalogue

Newsletter

Children in migration: fundamental rights at European borders (2023)

Droits des enfants
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Type de document :
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Langue :
Anglais
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847 KB
Nombre de pages :
24
Council of Europe
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Joint note by the Council of Europe and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA)

Council of Europe (CoE) and European Union (EU) Member States have an undeniable sovereign right to control the entry of non-nationals into their territory. While carrying out border control, states have a duty to protect fundamental rights of all people under their jurisdiction, regardless of their nationality, status, or age. Children as a category of vulnerable persons with special needs require heightened protection.

This joint note of the Council of Europe and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights summarises some key safeguards of European law as they apply to children in the context of migration at the EU’s external borders, bearing in mind that the relevant CoE standards apply to all borders.
SELECTED GENERAL SAFEGUARDS FOR CHILDREN 
Who is a child? 
Duty to provide protection and care 
Best interests of the child – an overarching principle 
Right to be heard 
Family unity 
SPECIFIC SAFEGUARDS FOR UNACCOMPANIED CHILDREN 
Identification and registration 
Age assessment 
Guardianship 
VISAS 
BORDER CONTROL 
Checks at border crossing points 
Children encountered in the context of border management 
RIGHT TO SEEK ASYLUM 
Access to asylum procedures 
Asylum procedures at borders 
RECEPTION CONDITIONS FOR ASYLUM APPLICANTS 
Standards applying to all children 
Standards for unaccompanied children 
DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY 
Presumption against child detention 
Conditions of detention 
FORCED REMOVALS AT BORDERS 
ACCESS TO JUSTICE 
FURTHER INFORMATION